In the morning, we will drive from Yerevan to the village of Saghmosavank, where the 13th century monastery is located - one of the richest and most famous spiritual centers of medieval Armenia. The legend says, Saghmosavank was founded by Gregory the Illuminator, who noticed this place from the top of Mount Aragats and built a church on this place.
The next stop is the brainchild of the great educator Mesrop Mashtots, the Armenian alphabet, or rather, a monument to him, the famous Alley of Letters. All 39 letters are made of orange tuff. The alphabet itself is one of the most beautiful writing systems in the world and remains unchanged since it was created in the 5th century.
Further we will go to the Amberd fortress on the slope of Mount Aragats, the highest mountain in Armenia. The fortress, or, better to say, the complex, consists of the castle of the Armenian princes of the 7th century and the church of the 11th century. It has everything that is decent to an old castle to have: several floors (once, obviously, richly decorated), a complex plumbing system and underground passages leading down into the gorge.
After that, we are having lunch at the winery and going to Ashtarak, one of the most charming places in Armenia. It has been mentioned in written sources since the 9th century, but, apparently, it has a much longer history. Mongols, Turkomans, Seljuks and Lezgins came to war here, the armies disappeared, but the city still exists. "Ashtarak" means "tower", but it is well known not for its fortifications, but for its churches. One of the most remarkable is Tsiranavor ("Orange"), a temple of the 5th century on the rocky bank of the Kasakh River. Finally, we will return to Yerevan full of impressions.